During the "de-capacity" winter, two 10-million-ton steel projects in the south have been put into operation in half a year. The iron and steel industry has formed a unique scene of population movement: in North and East China, steel plants are busy divorcing and reducing staff, and some iron and steel enterprises have even shunted tens of thousands of people; while the two steel bases in South China are recruiting employees on a large scale against the trend.
The purpose of reducing staff is to reduce production capacity, control costs, and increase labor productivity to make up for the deficit gap and cope with the huge balance sheet-this is "treatment of injuries and treatment." The task of new coastal projects is not only to get out of the immediate difficulties, but also to pave the way to win future competition. This is a “healthy body” for the steel industry.
The predicament of overcapacity in China's steel industry has shown that the previous blind expansion of production and marketing methods is difficult to sustain. To win the future, China Steel must win on quality. The quality upgrade of iron and steel enterprises requires not only technology and equipment, but also people who perform operations. Therefore, unlike the steel workers in traditional enterprises, the employees of new steel projects must become the “craftsmen” who create excellent products, which is related to the overall upgrading of the steel industry. The challenge for steel mills in the past was not only to give employees a job, but also more skilled engineers and workers capable of operating advanced equipment.
This is the basic proposition for upgrading the steel industry. In the process of upgrading the steel industry, how do the people in the steel industry upgrade?
Positive factors are already emerging. The reporter learned during the investigation process that the new steel plant no longer builds a "ten thousand people" plant, but the planned per capita steel output has reached 2,000 tons per year, while in the old steel plants, the per capita annual steel output is only 800 tons. This means that the overall production efficiency of the new steel plant has been improved. To achieve this goal, companies need to adopt more advanced equipment and design more efficient production processes, which also means higher requirements for workers.
The steel industry has the function of absorbing more employees. Due to the high standards of the two projects, in addition to the supply of posts at the iron and steel plant itself, there is also a supply of posts from supporting companies such as environmental protection. This also means that due to the launch of the steel project, a large number of migrant workers returned to the local area.
The emergence of "return to employment" has opened a large gap in local urbanization. Several "post-90s" workers have plans for living in the country for employment. Some hope to buy a house in the city and get a local girl to get married. Farm.
The return of industrial workers has a profound impact on the local economy. The return of labor, employment and entrepreneurship in returning hometowns, and the agglomeration and upgrading of local industries will bring about social consumption and urbanization, which will greatly increase the demand for steel products in the surrounding areas.